Androgenetic alopecia is the most commonly encountered form of baldness in both men and women, due to the action of certain androgenic hormones on predisposed bulbs.
There are basically two hair transplant techniques, the F.U.T. and F.U.E. each one with certain indications.
The F.U.T. (Follicular Unit Transplantation, or surgery of the Follicular Unit) involves taking a strip of tissue from the neck region, which is processed by optical microscope to obtain the follicles to be grafted in under-served regions.
A not particularly visible scar could remain as result in the posterior nuchal area.
The F.U.E. (Follicular Unit Extraction) is processed by extracting the follicles one by one from the nuchal region than re-installed with a single tool in the deficient region. In this case will be present in the donor (neck), lots of micro-almost invisible point-like scars.
PREPARING FOR THE SURGERY
Preparation for the surgery includes a visit to evaluate the characteristics of the patient and decide the most appropriate technique.
Before surgery blood tests and electrocardiogram should be performed.
We recommend at least 15 days before surgery to not take medications that interfere with blood clotting and abstention from smoking to avoid complications such as hematoma or seroma, or impairment of wound healing.
The surgery is performed under local anesthesia or light sedation, usually with a duration of 5-7 hours depending on the amount of bulbs that are grafted (1200-1400 per session).
In the case of FUT technique stithces from the donor nuchal region are removed after 15 days.
No need of stitches instead in case of FUE technique: specific shampoos and medications will be prescribed to use the next few days of surgery.
The hair after an initial surgical stress (1-2 months), begin the growth from the 3rd up the 6th month, growing then about 1 cm per month.
Normal activities may be take over after few days.